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智醒兒童 高人一等 | 屈臣氏 Blog Watsons Blog

智醒兒童 高人一等 Smart Kids Stand Tall and Shine Bright

健康

父母最希望子女能夠健康成長,所以時刻關注小孩的發育情況,尤其是身高!傳統智慧偏重鼓勵小朋友「食多啲,跳多啲」,希望可以快高長大。時至今日,有更全面及更科學的方法去讓小朋友變得「高人一等」,現在就由屈臣氏註冊營養師及中醫師為大家深入剖析。

A parent’s greatest wish is to see their children grow up well and strong – that’s why parents are often concerned about their child’s physical development, especially height! Traditional wisdom believes that “eating more, jumping more” is the key to growing taller. Nowadays, scientific research has identified other factors equally important for increasing height - let’s have our Watsons Dietitians and Chinese Medicine Practitioners give us an in-depth analysis.

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飲食方面

從一出生到青春期完結前身體每天都在成長,過程中需要運用充足的能量、各式各樣的維他命和礦物質。均衡飲食能提供全面的營養以支持發育所需。要做到飲食均衡,每日的膳食中都需要包含以下幾個主要食物組別:


五穀類 – 是主要能量來源。全穀物類的五穀能額外提供維他命B雜、E、礦物質及膳食纖維。
蛋白質 – 是成長的主要原材料。除了動物性蛋白質如豬、牛、雞、魚、蛋外,豆類及其製品都含豐富的蛋白質。
蔬菜/水果 – 是飲食中多種維他命、礦物質及膳食纖維的主要來源
奶類及其製品 – 是飲食中鈣質的主要來源。鈣質能支持骨骼生長,是發育中不可或缺的。

中醫學認為脾胃為後天之本、氣血生化之源,並主肌肉,所以小朋友要脾胃健康,才能氣血充盛,茁壯成長。除了應注重均衡飲食外,日常餐單中可增添健脾益胃的食材,例如山藥、蓮子、芡實等。

Diet
The body continues to grow from birth until puberty, so getting enough energy, vitamins and minerals during this time is especially important. A balanced diet provides all required nutrients to promote all-round growth and development. To achieve this, it is important to include a variety of foods in diet from the below food groups:

 

Grains – are the main source of fuel. Whole grains provide higher amounts of B vitamins, vitamin E, minerals and dietary fiber.

 

Protein – is an essential nutrient for growth. In addition to animal sources of protein such as pork, beef, chicken, fish and egg, soybeans and soy food products are also high in protein.

 

Vegetables/fruits – are great sources of various vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber in diet.

 

Dairy and dairy alternatives – is a great source of calcium in diet. Calcium is important for growing children as it helps support bone development.

 

Chinese medicine believes that the spleen and stomach are the foundation of nurturing after birth, the source of qi and blood, and the dominance of muscle, so the children should keep the spleen and stomach healthy, in order to be full of qi and blood, and grow up rapidly. In addition to a balanced diet, ingredients such as Chinese yam, lotus seeds, and Gordon Euryale can be added to daily meals.

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運動方面


註冊營養師指出,定期運動可以刺激生長激素(Human Growth Hormone)分泌,而且運動種類不應局限於跳躍,不論是帶氧、肌肉訓練或伸展運動都對成長有正面的影響,
帶氧運動如:跑步、游泳、跳繩、踏單車
肌肉訓練運動如:仰卧起坐、掌上壓
伸展運動如:瑜珈。

中醫主張中庸之道,運動講究適當與適量。小朋友可以遊戲玩耍作為運動形式,鍛煉骨骼肌肉系統。而適量運動,可以促進氣血循環,強筋壯骨。

Exercise and Physical Activity

Our registered dietitians suggest that regular physical activity can help stimulate the release of Human Growth Hormone (HGH). Exercises should not be limited to only jumping or rope skipping; different types of workouts (including aerobic exercises, resistance training, and stretching exercises) all have positive impact on growth. Below are some examples:
Aerobic exercises: running/ jogging, swimming, rope skipping, cycling;
Resistance training: sit-ups, push-ups;
Stretching exercises: yoga.

 

Chinese medicine advocates the mean between things, appropriate type and amount of exercise should be chose. Children can play games as a form of exercise to build up muscle. The right amount of exercise can promote blood circulation and strengthen bones.

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睡眠方面


充足睡眠同樣可以刺激生長激素,睡眠不足會減慢成長速度。家長們記得要為小朋友培養良好作息習慣,確保足夠睡眠時間。The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) 建議每日的睡眠時數如下:

Sleep
Adequate sleep can also increase HGH levels; on the other hand, lack of sleep may stunt growth. Parents should help their young ones to develop healthy sleep habits in order to get enough rest. The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) suggests the following recommendations for appropriate sleep durations:

0-3個月months old

每日14-17小時 hours per day

4-11個月months old

每日12-15小時hours per day

1-2歲years old

每日11-14小時hours per day

3-5歲years old

每日10-13小時hours per day

6-13歲years old

每日9-11小時hours per day

14-17歲years old

每日8-10小時hours per day

18-25歲years old

每日7-9小時hours per day

26-64歲years old

每日7-9小時hours per day

65歲或以上years old and above

每日7-8小時hours per day

健康成長小拍檔
屈臣氏健康團隊 - 註冊中醫師、營養師及藥劑師為大家提供專業的健康諮詢服務及治療,全方位關懷守護你們的健康,日後將有更多實用健康貼士分享,請繼續留意我們,並隨時預約我們的健康團隊諮詢為健康增值。

The Best Support for Kids’ Growth
Our Watsons Health Team including Registered Chinese Medicine Practitioners, Dietitians and Pharmacists, are available for providing professional consultations and treatments to look after your health. We'd keep you updated, so please stay tuned and feel free to make a booking for our health service.

屈臣氏註冊營養師服務: https://www.watsons.com.hk/DietitiansService

屈臣氏註冊中醫師服務: https://www.watsons.com.hk/chinesemed

屈臣氏註冊藥劑師服務: https://www.watsons.com.hk/HEHAService

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